What does “CPR” stand for?
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and is an emergency procedure that can help save a person’s life if they are unresponsive, not breathing and have no pulse. During cardiac arrest, the heart cannot pump blood to the rest of the body, high quality CPR does this for the individual.
How do I know if someone needs CPR?
CPR should be performed on an individual who is unresponsive, not breathing, and has no pulse (BLS providers).
Are cardiac arrest and heart attack the same thing?
Not at all. A heart attack occurs when there is a blockage of blood supply to part of the heart muscle. Typically, a heart attack is accompanied by chest, arm, or back pain, but the person remains awake. Sudden cardiac arrest is an electrical disorder of the heart in which the heart stops beating. When there is no blood flow, the brain stops functioning and the individual becomes unconscious.
Can I perform CPR without giving breaths?
CPR can be performed without rescue breaths on adults, but it is highly recommended that breaths be performed on children and infants. High-quality CPR compressions need to be at least 2″ on an adult, approximately 2″ on a child, and 1 ½ “on an infant. They should be performed at a rate of 100–120 per minute.
What is Hands-only CPR?
Hands-only CPR is CPR performed (chest compressions) without giving breaths. Hands-only CPR is frequently taught to encourage individuals to become involved in the case of an emergency without the fear of having to give breaths.
Can I break someone’s ribs by giving CPR?
Although it doesn’t always happen, it is not uncommon for ribs to break during CPR. If this occurs, do NOT stop giving compressions. Remember that without CPR, the victim’s brain is being deprived of blood, and death can occur in just a matter of minutes. Broken ribs will heal.
Should CPR be performed on someone with agonal breaths?
Agonal gasps occur when someone is not getting enough oxygen and is typically due to cardiac arrest or stroke. It is NOT considered normal breathing and CPR should be performed if the person is unresponsive and has no pulse (BLS providers) along with agonal gasps.
What is the Good Samaritan Law?
Good Samaritan laws are written to encourage bystanders to get involved in emergency situations without fear that they will be sued if their rescue attempts contribute to a person’s injury or death. Seconds matter in a cardiac arrest situation, and performing CPR before the emergency response team arrives can be the difference between life and death.
What is the minimum age to learn CPR?
We do not have a minimum age requirement for learning CPR. The ability to perform CPR is based more on body strength than age and the ability to retain and understand the course content. This should be discussed with the instructor prior to class and is at their discretion.
Which course should a childcare provider take?
The AHA’s Heartsaver Pediatric First Aid, CPR AED Course is designed to meet regulatory requirements for childcare workers in all 50 United States. It is offered in both blended learning (online with in-person skills testing) and classroom-based formats.